Unit Plan: Canadian Geography

Social Studies / Grade 2

Big Ideas

Canada is made up of many diverse regions and communities.


  • Diversity
  • Communities
  • Climate
Essential Questions

Students will keep considering…

  • What would it be like if all of Canada looked the same?
  • What if the climate was same everywhere in Canada?
  • What types of environmental challenges do people face in different communities (e.g., natural disasters, climate change, lack of natural resources)?
Evaluative Criteria

Teachers should consider how summative assessments should be based on clear criteria and include a variety of ways for students to show demonstrate their learning


  • Quiz on Canadian regions and where they are on a map
Monitoring Progress

Teacher will monitor progress:
Teachers can monitor progress through ongoing formative assessment including but not limited to:


  • Short, quick quizzes and review discussions on various regions in Canada
  • Short, quick quizzes and review discussion on climate areas of Canada



  • Atlas/Map of Canada
  • Photos of various regions of Canada
  • Aboriginal Success Teacher
  • Blank Maps of Canada

Teacher Reflection

  • What aspects of the unit went well
  • What did students struggle with
  • What did you struggle with?
  • What would you add or revise the next time you taught this unit?
  • Were there any unintended outcomes?
  • Were students engaged?

Unit Overview




Social Studies




Canadian Geography



Unit Overview

This unit has been created to help students develop their understanding of the diversity of Canada, and how the physical environment and climate has an effect on the people living in specific regions of the country.  Students will work through whole class activities, as well as rotating through a set of stations on the physical regions of Canada, and individual activities.  All activities will culminate in a GRASPS task where students will create an iMovie or iPhoto slideshow where they will take on the role of a new immigrant to Canada, deciding on which region they would like to live in and why.

This unit was originally created with the intention to follow a previous unit that compared Canada’s past to now, so connections will be made regarding how the land and climate has changed throughout time.  This unit is also a good springboard for a further unit on how Canada fits into the world.






Unit Duration

4-6 weeks


Related Big Ideas


The following resources are made available through the British Columbia Ministry of Education. For more information, please visit BC’s New Curriculum.


Big Ideas

The Big Ideas consist of generalizations and principles and the key concepts important in an area of learning. The Big Ideas represent what students will understand at the completion of the curriculum for their grade. They are intended to endure beyond a single grade and contribute to future understanding.

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Core Competencies

orangecommunicationCommunications Competency

The set of abilities that students use to impart and exchange information, experiences and ideas, to explore the world around them, and to understand and effectively engage in the use of digital media

bluethinkingThinking Competency

The knowledge, skills and processes we associate with intellectual development

greensocialSocial Competency

The set of abilities that relate to students’ identity in the world, both as individuals and as members of their community and society

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Curricular Competencies & Content

Curricular Competencies are the skills, strategies, and processes that students develop over time. They reflect the “Do” in the Know-Do-Understand model of curriculum. The Curricular Competencies are built on the thinking, communicating, and personal and social competencies relevant to disciplines that make up an area of learning.

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Additional Resources

First People's Principles of Learning

To read more about First People’s Principles of Learning, please click here.

For classroom resources, please visit the First Nations Education Steering Committee.