Unit Plan: Literary Elements in Fiction

Language Arts / Grade 4

Big Ideas

Using language in creative and playful ways helps us understand how language works.

Texts can be understood from different perspectives.


  • Language
  • Perspective
  • Elements
Essential Questions

Students will keep considering…

  • What makes a great story?
  • How do you write a great story?
Evaluative Criteria


  • Collaboratively created with students prior to commencing writing.
  • To include assessment of the use and effectiveness of each element, language feature, structure, and convention taught
  • Could include assessment of art and comments with regards to use of technology as a tool.


  • Peer scribes can be used to support slower printers/typist.
  • Speech to text tools can be utilized for the above.
  • As an extension once text is produced, voice recording features can be uses to create oral stories to remove barrier for less developed readers.
Monitoring Progress

Teacher will monitor progress:
Teachers can monitor progress through ongoing formative assessment including but not limited to:





How will teachers and their students reflect on and evaluate the completed project?

A self-reflective journal writing in answer to the essential questions for this unit:

  • What makes a great story?
  • How do you write a great story?

Teacher Unit Reflection:

  • What aspects of the unit went well
  • What did students struggle with
  • What did you struggle with?
  • What would you add/revise the next time you taught this unit?
  • Were there any unintended outcomes?
  • Were students engaged?

Next time I teach this unit I would…


My students needed:


Unit Overview




Language Arts




Literary Elements in Fiction



Unit Overview

This unit introduces students to Literary Elements in Fiction. Teachers can use Fairy Tales/Fables/Legends from a variety of cultures or Short stories for more advanced study.






Unit Duration

4 weeks


Related Big Ideas

Arts Education

The following resources are made available through the British Columbia Ministry of Education. For more information, please visit BC’s New Curriculum.


Big Ideas

The Big Ideas consist of generalizations and principles and the key concepts important in an area of learning. The Big Ideas represent what students will understand at the completion of the curriculum for their grade. They are intended to endure beyond a single grade and contribute to future understanding.

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Core Competencies

orangecommunicationCommunications Competency

The set of abilities that students use to impart and exchange information, experiences and ideas, to explore the world around them, and to understand and effectively engage in the use of digital media

bluethinkingThinking Competency

The knowledge, skills and processes we associate with intellectual development

greensocialSocial Competency

The set of abilities that relate to students’ identity in the world, both as individuals and as members of their community and society

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Curricular Competencies & Content

Curricular Competencies are the skills, strategies, and processes that students develop over time. They reflect the “Do” in the Know-Do-Understand model of curriculum. The Curricular Competencies are built on the thinking, communicating, and personal and social competencies relevant to disciplines that make up an area of learning.

Visit the Ministry of Education for more information

Additional Resources

First People's Principles of Learning

To read more about First People’s Principles of Learning, please click here.

For classroom resources, please visit the First Nations Education Steering Committee.